If you are at home when the tremors begin:
- «Lie, protection and does not move». If you are not close with a solid dining table or desk, then lay down on the floor near an interior wall and close the head and neck with your hands.
- Stay away from windows, hanging objects, mirrors, tall furniture, large appliances and cabinets filled with heavy objects.
- If you are indoors, stay there during an earthquake.
- If you are in bed at the time of the earthquake, stay in it and close your head with a pillow.
- In multi-storey buildings, be prepared for the fact that they can start working fire alarms and sprinklers.
- Do not go out on the balcony, do not light the fire, open the door and Stand in the doorway and take cover in a safe place.
- If you use a wheelchair, lock the wheels and close your head.
If you are outdoors when the tremors begin:
- Go to an open area if you can do it safely. Stay away from power lines, buildings and trees.
- If you are driving a car, then fold in the side of the road and stop. Do not stop under the overhanging dangerous places (such as under bridges, power lines or large road signs).
- Watch out for dangerous objects that can fall, get the rescue headquarters and register.
After the end of the earthquake:
- Make sure the people around you, if they are not injured. Provide first aid
- Do not move seriously injured people unless it is exposed to imminent danger. Keep them warm, cover them with blankets or extra clothing.
- Evacuated from the building stairs, do not use elevators.
- Check around you, whether near hazardous conditions, such as fires, fallen power lines, gas leaks and damage to buildings.
- If you have a fire extinguisher and you are trained to use them immediately extinguish small fires.
- Avoid broken glass.
- Be extremely careful near spilled hazardous materials, such as bleach, lye, garden chemicals, paint, gasoline or other flammable liquids. If you are in doubt, leave this place.
If you are stuck in the ruins:
- Move as little as possible, so as not to raise dust.
- Close your mouth and nose with a handkerchief or clothing.
- Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers know where you are.
- Use a whistle if it is at hand. Shout only as a last resort.
Measures to reduce losses from earthquakes
The safest place to shelter in a building during an earthquake:
The seven steps to help you keep yourself, your family and reduce damage and losses.
Step 1. Determine the potential danger in your home and start to strengthen
The first step is look around your home and identify objects that may fall during an earthquake. The most simple things you can do right now to help reduce the danger of injury and protect your property from seismic shocks. The following steps that you need to take to help you keep your life and keep your property.
If they have not done - start now: Also make sure that the path of escape is not cluttered.
Paintings and other heavy objects hanging on the walls, can fall on the glass paintings and mirrors can be broken.
- Place over a bed or sofa only soft pictures, such as borderless prints, carpets and tapestries
- Hang mirrors, paintings and other objects on strong curved hooks.
Things are on open shelves
- Reinforce things, pottery and lamps, standing on the open shelves, using putty, putty or gels
High furniture, such as bookcases, furniture shelves and walls could fall and injure you
- Move heavy furniture such as bookcases away from beds, couches, and other places where people sleep or rest.
- Store heavy and fragile items on the lower shelves
- Secure the top corners of tall furniture to wall
- You can use the elastic straps that allow the furniture to move independently from the walls, thereby reducing the stress on the nails.
Water and gas pipes
Leaking water can cause destruction, and gas leakage can lead to fir
- Replace rusty water and gas pipes.
- Replace rigid gas inlets to water heaters, furnaces, dryers for flexible rubber hoses.
In the kitchen
Glassware and porcelain products may fall to the floor and break, if the cabinet doors are unreliable.
- Secure the cabinet doors, especially over his head, in order to keep the contents from falling out during the aftershocks. Use the tabs.
Step 2: Prepare a plan
Talk with your family about the earthquakes and about why you need a plan of preparation. Make sure each family member knows what to do before, during and after an earthquake.
Plan where you will meet after an earthquake.
Choose two places:
- A safe place near your home where you will meet after the shaking stops.
- Place away from your home, if home residents to evacuate, or the house will be destroyed.
After you define the place
- Identify a safe place in your home where you can hide when they start shaking. Determine the best way out of your home and in each room. Also determine the best two escape routes out of your neighborhood or village. Assess which of the high-rise buildings, pylons and others. Could block the path in the event of failure.
- Agree with neighbors, friends, family or relatives that you will meet there with the kids, if you are away from home during the aftershocks.
- Ask a friend or relative who live outside the city, to be your contact person in case of danger. After all danger of family members should call him and tell it where you are.
Explore and learn about ...
- How to provide first aid for wounds
- Where is the fire hydrant or a fire extinguisher
- How and when to turn off electricity, water and gas
- Where is the nearest fire brigade and rescue service
Find out ...
- The evacuation plan for your work, school or other places where your family spends time
- Give your family the "contact card" in order that they carried it with them. Fill in the contact card out of the city, important phone numbers and place of the meeting.
- Practice in the study plan twice a year! Walk through the evacuation! Complement numbers and check the plan twice a month!
Make copies of the following documents and store them separately
- Documents on the house
- Driver's license
- Birth Certificates
- Certificate of marriage or divorce
- Other important documents.
Not bad to know beforehand about what you do if your house is destroyed. It is understood that quickly provide you with a worthy replacement for the authorities can not. Where do you live? Do you know what you will do if you can not return to the same job? Do you know where take money if your bank will not cash or he would not be able to resume its activities immediately after the earthquake?
Step 3. Prepare a bag of duty in the event of earthquake
Keep the bag in a waterproof container that can be easily moved and can keep for 3-5 days following things:
- Drinking water (at least four liters per family per day)
- Objects of first aid, medical supplies and personal hygiene items such as soap, toothpaste and toilet paper
- Flashlight, extra batteries
- Canned foods and in sealed packages
- Special items for small children or older people
- Warm clothes, blankets, sturdy shoes, socks, etc..
- Plastic garbage bags, raincoats and tarpaulins
- Copies of documents
- Copies of this brochure
- Monetary fines
Each family member should have their own duty bag, which must be:
- Medicines and contact detail
- Personal first aid kit
- Personal hygiene items and shoes
- Bottle water
- Identification card
- A list of contact numbers
- High-calorie foods such as Snickers
- Discuss with your children what can happen during an earthquake. Involve them in drawing up an evacuation plan in the process of cooking duty bags (ask them what kind of toy or a book put in a bag) and practice them in the exercise "To lie, to hide, to keep." Teach your children to call the emergency services on duty and ask for help.
After the earthquake, the children may experience stress or discomfort. If possible, involve children in the process of recovery.
Step 4. Identify potential earthquake resistance of your home and begin to strengthen it.
Is your house, apartment quite resistant to earthquakes?
- Buildings built before 1956, when the first regulations were adopted and launched earthquake engineering are not sufficiently resistant to earthquakes.
- Adobe home or at home with padded walls of clay are not resistant to earthquakes.
- Multi-storey brick house (2 floors) without seysmopoyasov and concrete screeds are not resistant to earthquakes
- If you live in a brick high-rise (2-4 floors) house on the ground floor and made adjustment (there is a shop, hairdresser, pharmacy and others. Rebuilt two or more apartments) - your home is not earthquake-proof.
- If you live in a multi-storey panel building and, on the first floor made a significant adjustment in the basement built saunas, showers, etc., Which could lead to water leakage and podmachivaniyu foundations - your home is not earthquake-proof.
- If you live in a multi-storey panel building, but it has made restructuring in some apartments demolished bearing walls, in the load-bearing columns to make holes for electrical meters, etc.. - Your home is not earthquake-proof.
Step 5. Protect yourself during earthquake
If you are inside a building ...
- “Lie down, take cover and stay” – When you feel strong aftershocks, quickly climb up under a sturdy table and hold fast to him as tremors subside.
- Do not stand under doorways and do not run out to the outside.
- If you could not find a good table, lay down on the floor near an interior wall and cover your head and neck with his hands.
- If you are in the kitchen - turn off the stove before hid
- If you are in bed, stay on the ground, hiding his head pillow
- If you are in an apartment building, avoid windows. Do not use the elevators.
- After the termination shock, turn on the radio and listen to information about an earthquake.
If you are outside ...
- Move away from buildings and power lines. Avoid falling debris
- Move away from large glass windows and the windows of houses with brick facing, tall furniture, large paintings and mirrors.
If you're driving ...
- Do not stop on bridges and below them in the tunnels
- Do not stop under the power tench, lights, trees and traffic signs
- Carefully move down the road and put the car on a manual brake
- Stay in the car until the tremors did not cease
Unfortunately, There is a misconception that the doorways are the safest place in your home. No! The safest place - a sturdy table, standing near the inner wall.
Step 6: After the earthquake, check for injuries and damage to vote degree.
After the tremors are over, check for injuries in your family to vote, how hurt your home.
- Look, you do not hurt yourself, before beginning to help others. Protect your mouth, nose, and eyes from dust.
- If someone is injured, put a bandage on the wound. Use a clean bandage or handkerchief.
- If someone is not breathing, apply artificial respiration
- If the pulse is not felt, apply artificial respiration
- Do not move seriously injured people unless they are in immediate danger
- Cover the injured blanket or warm clothing
Check your house - as it is safe…
- The fire - if possible extinguish themselves. Call the fire brigade, but do not expect firefighters.
- Gas leak - shut off the gas if you suspect a gas leak, as you see the broken pipe, smell gas or hear the sound of the leak. Turn off the gas supply to the key of your gas furnace. Never turn the gas back - wait for the gas workers service.
- Torn electrical wires - disconnect switch on the control panel, if you see the torn wires in your home. Do not turn on the lights until the gas leak!
- If you see a broken wires on the street or fallen power poles - stay away from them, even if you are sure that they are de-energized.
- Carefully open the door to the toilet or the door shelves to avoid falling objects from them.
- Carefully collect the spilled torn or drugs or other possibly toxic substances and dispose in a safe place.
- Stay away from the frame house with brick facing. In recent years almost all "elite" high-rise buildings are brick veneer. It can be weakened and could collapse during aftershocks.
- Be careful! When in doubt, immediately leave the house or apartment.
If your home is severely damaged or has started a fire - immediately leave it!
Do not leave your home, because it was switched off or gas. If your home is damaged by a relatively weak - it will serve you even shelter.
If you evacuate - let the neighbors or relatives, in what area you evacuate.
Step 7. When you are safe, continue to follow your plan.
A few days after the earthquake…..
It is safe
- Make sure that your home is safe enough for him to live on, and there is no danger that it may collapse as a result of aftershocks.
- Make sure that there are no gas leaks before use open flame or any electrical or mechanical device capable of causing a spark.
- Check whether the spilled chemicals, whether there is a fallen electrical wires and broken water pipes. Water - a good conductor and fallen into the water, electric wires are dangerous for health!
- Выключите сломанные или опрокинутые приспособления или приборы. Они могут привести к пожару, когда электричество восстановится.
- Do not use kerosene or gas burners or heaters, gas or charcoal grills, gas generators, since they can be a source of gas, or cause fires in the aftershocks.
Try to get information ...
- Turn on your portable or car radio and listen to the information from the competent authorities.
- Call your contact person in the country, tell us what happened to you and do not occupy the phone.
- Do not believe the rumors! They can be distributed specifically to spread panic!
Take actions for the reconstruction of ...
- If you stayed in the house or returned to him a few days, to take steps to get back to my old life
- Check your supplies of water and food. If there is no electricity, the first use of frozen foods. Do not use damaged products!
- If there is no water, use the water from the water boilers, melted ice in the refrigerator or water from canned vegetables. Avoid drinking water from swimming pools and ponds of stagnant water.
- If given the light, check the devices - whether they are not damaged.
Seven myths about the earthquake and one - everything
Myth 1. If the earthquake earth crack, cracked open, people fall into them and the whole house, and then the cracks are closed ...
Fortunately, this is just fantasy writers. In no one of which took place on the earth quake of such facts observed and described. Once there was in the past, then there will be no future! Once there was nowhere, so would not be here!
Myth 2. When the earthquake main danger - collapsing buildings ...
In fact, the largest number of injuries, as well as the greatest casualties were brought by falling objects, such as chandeliers, tall cabinets and mirrors, shop windows and glass windows of skyscrapers.
Myth 3. The safest place in the house - doorways ...
This myth has arisen due to the fact that before, when all the houses were brick or adobe with wooden doorways, past really were the only element of the house, which remained intact. Now that the majority of the population in the cities live in high-rise panel and frame houses, doorways are not safe. The safest place under a sturdy table, standing in the interior walls.
Myth 4.No need to worry about the earthquake - The government will take care of it.
In fact, if an earthquake damaged several tens of thousands of homes, or in any area of government will be able to find the means to help people. But if there is a major earthquake that will destroy tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands of homes and lead to the death of thousands of people - then none of the Government does not have enough forces and resources to help. Moreover, the catastrophic destruction can damage the station "emergency" government house akimiat, telephone stations, dams, bridges, power lines and anything that helps the Government to manage and contain the country in order. If all this is not, in the beginning it will be possible to rely only on themselves and their neighbors.
Myth 5. When the earthquake Bishkek fell through the ground, because underneath there is a lake ...
Underground lakes exist in nature. However, this requires a special geological structure - the presence of species capable of forming large voids. There are no rocks near Bishkek! Near Bishkek is a huge stratum of boulder-pebble sediments and argillaceous rocks with thickness up to 3-4 kilometers. These rocks are not capable of forming the void!
Myth 6.When the earthquake at Lake Issyk-Kul can form a tsunami that flooded towns located on the coast and even ... Bishkek.
The structure of the bottom of Lake Issyk-Kul is very specific and is a huge deep bowl with steep walls. In such circumstances, the tsunami is not formed. In addition, under the lake Issyk-Kul never recorded earthquake sources, even weak.
Myth 7. There are people who, because of some special abilities can anticipate earthquakes and accordingly, predict their ...
Perhaps there are people with some special properties of the organism, capable of feeling stress changes in the crust, the atmosphere and others. However, the area of strong earthquake preparation and accumulation of stress covers millions of square kilometers, and an earthquake happens only in a certain place. Accumulated stress need not be implemented as a result of a strong earthquake. To date, predict the exact time of the earthquake can not be predicted. Do not believe the soothsayers and fortune-tellers!
Myth 8.(It applies not only to earthquakes). If the bike said the earthquake will not be so - it will not be ...
Today, many people absolutely incompetent in the field of seismology, ie science that studies the earthquake, but trying to make predictions and to expose themselves scientists and knowledgeable. Do not believe the vested titles and regalia - believe experts!